What Is OOP In Programming And Its Advantages

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What is OOP in programming and its advantages. OOP stands for object-oriented programming. It’s a type of coding that focuses on organizing code into small, manageable pieces called objects. OOP is used for big projects because it allows developers to break code down into more manageable chunks and focus on one at a time. Objects have properties and methods just like regular data types do, but they also have other characteristics (like behaviours) so we can tell them what to do and what not to do.

The word “OOP” doesn’t really mean anything in this context; it just means that the languages are object-based. As long as the language has classes and objects, whereas a language like C is procedural or function-based, then it’s considered an OOP language. Not all languages are OOP; they just add a few features of OOP or even use OOP constructs.

What Is OOP In Programming And Its Advantages

Essentially, OOP is a data structure and programming paradigm designed to help us manage the complexity of software development. In this article, we’ll cover some of the basic techniques and practices that are necessary for mastering OOP — code organization and encapsulation being two of them.

Let’s start off with a general definition of “object.” If you’re not sure what an object is, think about it: you’ve got your house, car, computer…all of these things have a physical representation in the real world. They have a shape, a size, and some number of characteristics (like color and speed). Also, they all have unique characteristics, which is what differentiates one object from another.

This is the general definition of an object: it’s something that has unique characteristics (independent of other objects) that can be used to model something in the real world. In most languages, you don’t create objects; you create data structures (structures that store data). For example, in computer science, you might store your data as a list or array. That’s because lists are simpler to organize than classes or objects.

There are, however, programming languages that support the definition of an object. In C++ and Java, for example, you can define a class or an object that represents a particular real-world object (like a car or computer). OOP was based on the concept of creating real-world objects as data structures and organizing those data structures into classes and objects.

Advantages of using OOP

1) Making modules reusable

If you’re writing a software application, you’ll probably have to come up with unique features and functions for the project. You’ll also have to create different classes and objects if you want to model particular types of objects in your application. The more unique features and functions you develop, the more classes and objects you’ll need. It doesn’t take long before an application has hundreds of classes and thousands of function definitions.

Don’t get alarmed, though; although individual objects can be complex, the software as a whole is relatively simple (there are only so many ways that a computer can store data). It is possible to create modular code; the challenge here is making those modules reusable.

2) Ease of maintenance

If you’re not careful, your code will become a rat’s nest. But if you design your software properly, it will be easy to understand and use. One way to do this is to organize the code into small modules that make sense. Another example is to design the processes in such a way that you have “flexibility” — or in other words, so that different components can be changed out easily in response to some condition (like needing a different data structure).

3) Better code organization

OOP helps you keep track of the different classes and objects in your code. It is also easier to create object hierarchies because the relationships between different objects are clear. This makes it easier to work on a team because different developers can understand each other’s code because of the relationships. And it’s easier to understand what each member of a class is responsible for, which gives you an idea of how to tackle some problems.

4) Individual classes have their own responsibilities/behavior/features

Let’s say that you want your computer program to calculate the square root of a number (which is something that computers aren’t really good at). In a procedural language, it would be OK to call a function that does the job and worry about how to organize the code.

In an OOP programming environment, however, you would create a class for calculating the square root of a number and define methods/functions for that purpose. Then you’d create objects from that class so that each object knows how to do its little piece of work.

5) Easier function reuse

As you develop software applications, you’ll probably have some portions of your power tools and other systems that can be reused in other projects. With OOP, you can create classes of those items and reuse them in your own projects. For example, if you’re a contractor who knows a lot about welding, you can create a class called “Welding” and reuse it in other projects.

6) Ability to support multiple platforms

Object-oriented programs have various objects that represent various hardware components (like graphics cards) and operating systems (such as Windows or Mac OS). OOP has another benefit called code portability — or the ability to maintain separate code for different operating systems without rewriting the code. This allows developers to make changes quickly because the platform-specific information will be handled differently.


OOP provides a structure for creating modular and reusable code. It is a great tool for creating maintainable and extensible code for both small and large projects. There are a lot of benefits to using OOP, but the one thing that cannot be emphasized enough is the organization that OOP provides.

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